Causes of the Renaissance
W.E. B. Du Bois, influential editor of The Crisis from 1910 to 1934 started the Renaissance. DuBois believed that an educated Black elite should lead Blacks to liberation. He further believed that his people could not achieve social equality by emulating white ideals. He wanted equality that could be achieved only by teaching Black racial pride with an emphasis on an African cultural heritage. Although the Renaissance was not a school, and the writers associated with it share a common purpose, nevertheless they had a common bond: they dealt with Black life from a Black perspective.
After years of unfair treatment and humiliation, black people from the South started a migration northwards. Large metropolitan cities such as Washington D.C., Chicago, and New York City became hubs of creativity and interaction for African Americans. This migration changed the Black image from rural to urban, from peasant to sophisticate. This introduced them to international ideas that they would most likely have had no contact with in the South. The causes of this renaissance were financial and educational.
Effects of the Renaissance
The effect the Renaissance has made is an inspiration for writers. The Harlem Renaissance was a flowering of literature. It has also been to other arts in New York City during the 1920s and 1930s. It has long been considered by many to be the high point in African American writing. This is all thanks to Claude McKay, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Rudolph Fisher, James Weldon Johnson, and Jean Toomer.
Causes and effects for Harlem Renaissance is currently under construction. Please come back later.