Native American Class Website
Aztecs
10.18.19

Aztecs

By:Jharold and Elias

Aztec Sculpture
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Aztec Shelter
  • Geography-Environment

The ancient Aztecs lived in present day Mexico and parts of Guatemala.


•· Settlements

Families lived in villages, towns, or cities. Every town had neighborhoods, each with its own chief. A city with many neighborhoods might be divided into four quarters, each quarter with its own chief. These divisions made it easy to recruit people for military service or large work.

Aztec Idol
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•· Shelter

Aztecs made geometrically accurate buildings of great mass and height.


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•· Food

Maize, beans, squash, and turkey were important foods. Crops were grown on island gardens called chinampas.  The chinampas were made  of fertile soil scooped from the lake bottom.

Aztec Idol

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Aztec Woman

•· Clothing

Men wore loincloths and simple cloaks. Women wore sleeveless blouses and wrap-around skirts made from cotton cloth.


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Human Sacrafice

•· Religion or Social Custom

Aztecs worshipped many gods in addition to the Rain God and the Sun God. The most important god was the Sun God.  There was the Fire God, called Old God. There was an Earth Goddess, called Snake Skirt, and a goddess of love, named Flower Plume.


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Aztec Ruins

•· Government

Each city was ruled by a king, who gave orders to neighborhood chiefs and to kings of cities under his control. There was no single chain of command but several, each ending with one of the important kings. These kings made alliances among themselves. Since Tenochtitlán was the strongest of the cities, its ruler can be called emperor or king of the empire.


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Aztec Pottery

Aztec Man



 
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Idol
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Aztec God Quezalcoatl

Aztec Structure
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Two- Headed Figure

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Aztec Ruins

•· Trade

More unusual foods, such as cacao, pineapples, and vanilla, were brought by merchants from the lowlands. Cacao beans, the source of chocolate, were often used as money in the great marketplaces, where goods from all over the Aztec world were traded. Goods came to market on the backs of porters. There were no beasts of burden and no wheeled vehicles. Water transport was by dugout canoe.