Native American Class Website
Pueblos
12.05.19

Pueblos

by

Jillian and Shayne

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Geography or Environment

-The Pueblos lived in the mountains and in semi-desert lands.

-This was good because they were skilled desert farmers.

-Their village was founded in 1540.


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Settlement: Where They Set Up Villages

-The Pueblos settled in a town in the Spanish colonies.

-They settled in the South-West of North America.

-Where they settled then is today known as Colorado, northern Arizona, and New Mexico.


Shelter: What They Used for Housing

-The Pueblos' homes were made up of adobe, stone, and wooden poles.

-Adobe was a thick mud that was sun-dried into bricks.

-Pueblos could shelter at hundreds of families.

-An example of one of the many homes is the Pueblo Bonito in New Mexico Chaco Canyon.

-The Pueblo Bonito was a giant home that housed 1,000 people.

-In the Pueblo Bonito, it had about 800 rooms.

-However, to access the upper rooms (since it was multi-storied) was to climb a step ladder.

-The step ladders applied to all Pueblo homes because they had no hallways or stairs.

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Food

-Pueblos grew crops such as corn, beans, and squash.

-They accessed farming by irrigation.

-Irrigation was to bring water to a dry place.

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Clothing

-Pueblo's clothes were usually made of yucca, which was a desert plant, or made out of grown cotton.


-They spun, dyed, and weaved the cotton into clothing.

- Some Pueblo dwellers also wore animal skins.

-Skins of small animals such as the rabbit, turkey feathers and such were made into wraps for the winter. (Buckskin clothing was also used.)

-Clothing was made mostly the color yellowish white, the natural color of cotton.

-Footwear included a flat sole, woven of yucca and tied with yucca string to the food.

-Moccasins were made in later years and also buckskin leggins.

-Warm blankets were made from wool, also winter clothing.

-The men wore a strip of white cotton cloth between the legs and over a belt called a breechcloth.

-A kilt was a strip of white cotton wrapped around the hips like a short skirt.

The sash was a strip of white wool cloth usually decorated.

-A shirt was simply a plain strip of cloth with a hole in the middle to slip over the head.

-Dresses were left open down the right side for women with belts worn tied around.

A cotton shawl was worn to wrap around the woman.


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Religion and Social Customs

-Most of the villages the Pueblos lived in had a kiva which is like an under-ground chamber.

-Men held religious ceremonies there in the kiva.

-Through rituals and prayers, they tried to please the spirits.

-The spirits of nature were wind, rain, and thunder.

-Kachinas related to the spirits' pleasing.

-Kachinas were masked dancers that represented the spirits.

-If the spirits liked the kachinas' dances, they would give in return favor rain for next season's crops.

-Pueblos traced their family lines through their mothers; this made women important.

-When a man married a woman, he must go to live with his wife's family.

-Women also owned most of the family's property.


Tools, Art, and Trade Products

-Trade was an important part of Pueblo's lives.

-Some of their trade products were cotton, sandals made from yucca leaves, blankets woven from turkey feathers, etc.

-The men hunted rabbits by throwing a tool that was important to them, a boomerang.

-A boomerang were shaped sticks.

-The men men usually made tools and utensils to hunt, or hand-made jewelery to wear. 

-The women usually made potttery as art and baskets for storage.

-Women used stones to grindcorn into powder.

-Pueblos the powdered corn to make bread.

-Pueblo's art consisted of pottery.

-Pots were made of clay and were sun-dried when the creator finish sculpting the pot.

 

Government

-The Pueblo's form of government was republican, but united with a theocracy, the last of under the headship of the Cacique, or Chief Priest.

-Priests had much to do with the government.

-The Pueblo's form of government was in which God/deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler.

-The God's/deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities, such as priests, ministers, etc.

-The government consist of all men.


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