Native American Class Website
Inuits
10.21.19

Inuits

  By: Wren and Erica  

  Geography

The Inuits' environment is the cold arctic. 

• There is mostly frozen seas and icy treeless plains.  Tons of snow and slippery ice cover the land.

• Their winter temperatures go up to a bitter -30 degrees Fahrenheit.

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  Settlement   


·   They didn't stay in the same area they would constantly move because of how little food there was.

·   They also stayed near rivers so it was easier to get food (fish).

· They also crossed snow with sleds pulled by dogs.

·   When they needed to cross over water they would use open boats called kayaks.

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  Shelter

·   The Inuits used igloos as homes, which are houses made of snow and ice.

·   Lamps filled with seal oil kept the igloos warm even in the coldest of weather.


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 Food


·   Food was very scarce so the Inuits couldn't stay in the same area for over a year.

·   In the winter they hunted seals.

·   In the spring they hunted whales and walruses.

·   And in the summer they hunted caribou and fish.


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Clothing

·   The Inuit woman made clothing out of animal furs and waterproof boots out of sealskins.

· Their boots were are called kamiks.

· The Inuit preferred the fur of the caribou, though they sometimes used fur of other animals such as seals and polar bear. 


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Religion


 

·   The Inuit believed greatly in the natural world.

·   They believed each animal had a spirit

·   Before they hunted they would offer gifts to the animals they wanted to capture.

·   After hunting they would sing songs of thanks and praise to the animals.


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Government

·   Traditional social institutions based on the clan membership allowed them to share what they had and use all of the near by recourses.


Tools, Art and Trade

· They made tools out of driftwood, ivory, bone, and a soft stone called soapstone.    

·   Masks were carved out of wood and decorated with paint and feathers and animal skins.


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